Is It Worth Discriminating Against Patients Who Smoke? A Systematic Literature Review on the Effects of Tobacco Use in Foot and Ankle Surgery

Although numerous studies have linked smoking with lower extremity wound and bone healing complications, a comprehensive study on the effects of smoking in foot and ankle surgery has not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to report the results of our systemic literature review, identifying the effects of tobacco use on common foot and ankle procedures

Although numerous studies have linked smoking with lower extremity wound and bone healing complications, a comprehensive study on the effects of smoking in foot and ankle surgery has not yet been reported. The purpose of the present study was to report the results of our systemic literature review, identifying the effects of tobacco use on common foot and ankle procedures

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Is It Worth Discriminating Against Patients Who Smoke? A Systematic Literature Review on the Effects of Tobacco Use in Foot and Ankle Surgery