How to Close a Limb Fasciotomy Wound: An Overview of Current Techniques

Early fasciotomy is the gold standard of prevention and treatment of compartment syndrome; however, the resulting wounds may significantly increase morbidity. To address the challenge of timely and safe closure of fasciotomy wounds, numerous methods have been described. A thorough search of medical databases PubMed/MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and Google Scholar was conducted for articles published between 1976 and 2013 using the search terms “limb fasciotomy wound closure,” “open wound management,” “skin stretching,” and “fasciotomy complications.” A total of 49 articles on technique descriptions, case reports of 2 or more patients, and of complications and comparative studies regarding limb fasciotomy wound closure were included.

Early fasciotomy is the gold standard of prevention and treatment of compartment syndrome; however, the resulting wounds may significantly increase morbidity. To address the challenge of timely and safe closure of fasciotomy wounds, numerous methods have been described. A thorough search of medical databases PubMed/MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, SCOPUS, EMBASE, and Google Scholar was conducted for articles published between 1976 and 2013 using the search terms “limb fasciotomy wound closure,” “open wound management,” “skin stretching,” and “fasciotomy complications.” A total of 49 articles on technique descriptions, case reports of 2 or more patients, and of complications and comparative studies regarding limb fasciotomy wound closure were included.

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How to Close a Limb Fasciotomy Wound: An Overview of Current Techniques