Experimental Comparison of the Clinical Measurement of Ankle Joint Dorsiflexion and Radiographic Tibiotalar Position

Clinical measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is typically used to diagnose limited ankle range of motion. Controversy and a lack of clarity continue regarding the most accurate clinical method of measuring ankle joint dorsiflexion and the effect that the foot position (supinated, neutral, pronated) has on the true tibiotalar position. We investigated the effects of supinated, neutral and pronated foot positions on the clinical dorsiflexion measurements in 50 healthy subjects and compared these results to the radiographic measurement of tibiotalar joint position with the ankle maximally dorsiflexed in each of the 3 foot positions.

Clinical measurement of ankle dorsiflexion is typically used to diagnose limited ankle range of motion. Controversy and a lack of clarity continue regarding the most accurate clinical method of measuring ankle joint dorsiflexion and the effect that the foot position (supinated, neutral, pronated) has on the true tibiotalar position. We investigated the effects of supinated, neutral and pronated foot positions on the clinical dorsiflexion measurements in 50 healthy subjects and compared these results to the radiographic measurement of tibiotalar joint position with the ankle maximally dorsiflexed in each of the 3 foot positions.

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Experimental Comparison of the Clinical Measurement of Ankle Joint Dorsiflexion and Radiographic Tibiotalar Position