Causal Diagrams and Multivariate Analysis III: Confound It!

This commentary concludes my series concerning inclusion of variables in multivariate analyses. We take up the issues of confounding and effect modification and summarize the work we have thus far done. Finally, we provide a rough algorithm to help guide us through the maze of possibilities that we have outlined.

This commentary concludes my series concerning inclusion of variables in multivariate analyses. We take up the issues of confounding and effect modification and summarize the work we have thus far done. Finally, we provide a rough algorithm to help guide us through the maze of possibilities that we have outlined.

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Causal Diagrams and Multivariate Analysis III: Confound It!