Traditional rebalancing techniques, such as capsulotomies and capsulorrhaphies, are commonly performed during complex hammertoe and lesser metatarsal osteotomy procedures involving metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) contractures; however, floating toes, digital instability, and malalignment are concerns. We critically analyzed the outcomes after anatomic reconstruction of the plantar plate and collateral ligaments compared with those after traditional rebalancing techniques. A case-control study was conducted of 54 patients who had undergone surgical correction of lesser MTPJ imbalances due to complex hammertoe deformities (power 80%, type I error = 0.05).
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Anatomic Reconstruction Versus Traditional Rebalancing in Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joint Reconstruction